Hypochondria ielts reading answers

The three parts of this practice Reading test are presented over three separate web pages. Make sure you move swiftly from one page to the next so that your practice is as realistic as possible.

IELTS Academic Reading Practice Tests

Time yourself and allow just one hour to complete all three parts. There are 40 questions in this practice paper.

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Each question carries one mark. If you prefer to work offline, download the test paper and blank answer sheet.

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At the end of the test you will be asked to hand in both the question paper and your answer sheet. You should spend about twenty minutes on it. Skip to main content. In this section. Instructions to candidates In the actual test you will be given the following instructions: do not open this question paper until you are told to do so write your name and candidate number in the spaces at the top of the page read the instructions for each part of the paper carefully answer all the questions write your answers on the answer sheet; use a pencil you must complete the answer sheet within the time limit At the end of the test you will be asked to hand in both the question paper and your answer sheet.

Review Once you have completed all three sections, download the answers and see how you have done.A The concept of health holds different meanings for different people and groups. These meanings of health have also changed over time. This change is no more evident than in Western society today, when notions of health and health promotion are being challenged and expanded in new ways.

hypochondria ielts reading answers

B For much of recent Western history, health has been viewed in the physical sense only. That is, good health has been connected to the smooth mechanical operation of the body, while ill health has been attributed to a breakdown in this machine. Health in this sense has been defined as the absence of disease or illness and is seen in medical terms. According to this view, creating health for people means providing medical care to treat or prevent disease and illness.

hypochondria ielts reading answers

During this period, there was an emphasis on providing clean water, improved sanitation and housing. C In the late s the World Health Organisation challenged this physically and medically oriented view of health. They stated that 'health is a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being and is not merely the absence of disease' WHO, D The s was a time of focusing on the prevention of disease and illness by emphasising the importance of the lifestyle and behaviour of the individual. Specific behaviours which were seen to increase the risk of diseases, such as smoking, lack of fitness and unhealthy eating habits, were targeted.

Creating health meant providing not only medical health care, but health promotion programs and policies which would help people maintain healthy behaviours and lifestyles. While this individualistic healthy lifestyle approach to health worked for some the wealthy members of societypeople experiencing poverty, unemployment, underemployment or little control over the conditions of their daily lives benefited little from this approach.

This was largely because both the healthy lifestyles approach and the medical approach to health largely ignored the social and environmental conditions affecting the health of people.

E During s and s there has been a growing swing away from seeing lifestyle risks as the root cause of poor health. While lifestyle factors still remain important, health is being viewed also in terms of the social, economic and environmental contexts in which people live. This broad approach to health is called the socio-ecological view of health. The broad socio-ecological view of health was endorsed at the first International Conference of Health Promotion held inOttawa, Canada, where people from 38 countries agreed and declared that:.

The fundamental conditions and resources for health are peace, shelter, education, food, a viable income, a stable eco-system, sustainable resources, social justice and equity. Improvement in health requires a secure foundation in these basic requirements. WHO, It is clear from this statement that the creation of health is about much more than encouraging healthy individual behaviours and lifestyles and providing appropriate medical care.

Therefore, the creation of health must include addressing issues such as poverty, pollution, urbanisation, natural resource depletion, social alienation and poor working conditions. The social, economic and environmental contexts which contribute to the creation of health do not operate separately or independently of each other. Rather, they are interacting and interdependent, and it is the complex interrelationships between them which determine the conditions that promote health.

A broad socio-ecological view of health suggests that the promotion of health must include a strong social, economic and environmental focus.

F At the Ottawa Conference ina charter was developed which outlined new directions for health promotion based on the socio-ecological view of health. This charter, known as the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, remains as the backbone of health action today.

In exploring the scope of health promotion it states that:. Good health is a major resource for social, economic and personal development and an important dimension of quality of life. Political, economic, social, cultural, environmental, behavioural and biological factors can all favour health or be harmful to it. The Ottawa Charter brings practical meaning and action to this broad notion of health promotion.

It presents fundamental strategies and approaches in achieving health for all. The overall philosophy of health promotion which guides these fundamental strategies and approaches is one of 'enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health' WHO, Essay Vocabulary Topics Related Vocabulary.We merge 30 general reading tests in part one.

HELLO Dear friends, you can also check your level in our mock test we are conducting the mock test twice in a month for more and detailed information follow the following link you give you proper band score but you need to register the first click on the following link to get all information.

I just did two reading test yet. Back home I got 7 bands in academic ielts three years ago but here I scored only 27 in first and 20 in second.

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Please provide answers for reading test 21 and The answers sheet attached are blank. Thanks of great help. Hello, thanks for all your hard work.

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Like the ones from Cambridge books? Thank you for sharing these. I have one query. For Practice Test 8…in the answers, answer for 3 is stated as false.

hypochondria ielts reading answers

Hi, practice test number 19 section 3 it says the passage will have 17 paragraphs labelled A β€” Q, but it only has A-F. Please add the missing numbers. Thank you. When I download practice test 12 it has not question 31 to 40 plz provide all question Thanks a lot. Can you pls explain why it ll be true.


Hi Team I am just looking for Mock test. Your email address will not be published. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Leave a Comment Cancel Reply Your email address will not be published. General reading practice test 1.

Answers general reading practice test 1. General reading practice test 7. Answers general reading practice test 7. General reading practice test 8.

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Answers general reading practice test 8.The 16th and 17th centuries saw two great pioneers of modern science: Galileo and Gilbert. The impact of their findings is eminent. Gilbert was the first modern scientist, also the accredited father of the science of electricity and magnetism, an Englishman of learning and a physician at the court of Elizabeth. Prior to him, all that was known of electricity and magnetism was what the ancients knew, nothing more than that the lodestone possessed magnetic properties and that amber and jet, when rubbed, would attract bits of paper or other substances of small specific gravity.

However, he is less well known than he deserves. Later he travelled in the continent and eventually settled down in London. He was a very successful and eminent doctor. All this culminated in his election to the president of the Royal Science Society.

He was also appointed personal physician to the Queen Elizabeth Iand later knighted by the Queen. Gilbert was first interested in chemistry but later changed his focus due to the large portion of mysticism of alchemy involved such as the transmutation of metal. He gradually developed his interest in physics after the great minds of the ancient, particularly about the knowledge the ancient Greeks had about lodestones, strange minerals with the power to attract iron.

British ships depended on the magnetic compass, yet no one understood why it worked. He investigated the nature of magnetism and electricity. The magnetic poles can attract or repel, depending on polarity.

In addition, however, ordinary iron is always attracted to a magnet. His research of static electricity using amber and jet only demonstrated that objects with electrical charges can work like magnets attracting small pieces of paper and stuff. It is a French guy named du Fay that discovered that there are actually two electrical charges, positive and negative. He also questioned the traditional astronomical beliefs. However, he believed that stars are not equidistant from the earth but have their own earth-like planets orbiting around them.

IELTS Recent Actual Test With Answers Volume 1

The earth itself is like a giant magnet, which is also why compasses always point north. He even likened the polarity of the magnet to the polarity of the earth and built an entire magnetic philosophy on this analogy. In his explanation, magnetism is the soul of the earth. Further, he also believed that the sun and other stars wobble just like the earth does around a crystal core, and speculated that the moon might also be a magnet caused to orbit by its magnetic attraction to the earth.

This was perhaps the first proposal that a force might cause a heavenly orbit.The pearl has always had a special status in the rich and powerful all through the history. For instance, women from ancient Rome went to bed with pearls on them, so that they could remind themselves how wealthy they were after waking up.

Pearls used to have more commercial value than diamonds until jewellers learnt to cut gems. In the eastern countries like Persia, ground pearl powders could be used as a medicine to cure anything including heart diseases and epilepsy. Pearls can generally be divided into three categories: natural, cultured and imitation. When an irritant such as a grain of sand gets. Gradually, layers are accumulated around the irritant until a lustrous natural pearl is formed.

A cultured pearl undergoes the same process. This results in much larger cores in cultivated pearls than those in natural pearls. Pearls can come from both salt and freshwater sources. Typically, pearls from salt water usually have high quality, although several freshwater pearls are considered high in quality, too.

In addition, freshwater pearls often have irregular shapes, with a puffed rice appearance. Saltwater pearl oysters are usually cultivated in protected lagoons or volcanic atolls, while most freshwater cultured pearls sold today come from China.

There are a number of options for producing cultured pearls: use fresh water or sea water shells, transplant the graft into the mantle or into the gonad, add a spherical bead or do it nonbeaded. No matter which method is used to get pearls, the process usually takes several years. Mussels must reach a mature age, which may take up almost three years, and then be transplanted an irritant.

When the irritant is put in place, it takes approximately another three years for a pearl to reach its full size. Sometimes, the irritant may be rejected.

As a result, the pearl may be seriously deformed, or the oyster may directly die from such numerous complications as diseases. At the end of a 5- to year circle, only half of the oysters may have made it through.

Imitation pearls are of another different story. The Island of Mallorca in Spain is renowned for its imitation pearl industry.

In most cases, a bead is dipped into a solution made from fish scales.

hypochondria ielts reading answers

But this coating is quite thin and often wears off. One way to distinguish the imitation pearls is to have a bite on it. Fake pearls glide through your teeth, while the layers of nacre on the real pearls feel gritty. Several factors are taken into account to evaluate a pearl: size, shape, Colour, the quality of surface and luster.Click the link to visit the page. Here are just a few key things from that page that I want you to know before we start work on our question.

Your task is to decide which of the following applies to the information in each statement:. There will be at least one of each answer type β€” True, False and Not Given.

If you want to use it as a practice test, have a go at answering it yourself before reading my instructions. The answers are at the bottom of this page. Do this before reading the text. After reading them, you will have a good idea of what the text is about. You just need to locate the parts with the answers in. Be mindful that synonyms and paraphrasing will very likely be used so you may not find the exact words.

Also, make full use of any additional clues in the text such as headings.

IELTS Recent Actual Test With Answers Volume 1

Knowing whether or not the answers come in the same order in the text as the order of the questions or statements is important as well. Both synonyms and paraphrasing have been used so some interpretation is necessary. These are the ones you need to be aware of:. Having identified the sentence with the answer in, read it in detail to see if the information matches. Scan on from here. Yes, this is definitely the right paragraph with the word 'helmets' occurring twice.

Now read it in detail, looking out for synonyms. Remember to start scanning from the location of the last answer.

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Every little bit of time you can save is valuable. Neither contains any information about taking a rest. The key word is, in fact, in the very last sentence so this was the right decision. The matching word in the text is a reminder to be watchful for a change in tense when scanning for verbs.

I hope you've found this exercise helpful. Learn all you can from it and practice answering other similar questions. This is the best way to improve your skills. Click the link to read it. Step-by-step strategies for answering the 12 different types of IELTS Reading questions with examples and practice tests.

About Me. Site Map. Privacy Policy.A In recent years we have all been exposed to dire media reports concerning the impending demise of global coal and oil reserves, but the depletion of another key non-renewable resource continues without receiving much press at all. Helium β€” an inert, odourless, monatomic element known to lay people as the substance that makes balloons float and voices squeak when inhaled β€” could be gone from this planet within a generation. B Helium itself is not rare; there is actually a plentiful supply of it in the cosmos.

Because of its lightness, however, most helium vanished from our own planet many years ago. Consequently, only a miniscule proportion β€” 0. Helium is the by-product of millennia of radioactive decay from the elements thorium and uranium. The helium is mostly trapped in subterranean natural gas bunkers and commercially extracted through a method known as fractional distillation.

C The loss of helium on Earth would affect society greatly. Defying the perception of it as a novelty substance for parties and gimmicks, the element actually has many vital applications in society.

Probably the most well known commercial usage is in airships and blimps non-flammable helium replaced hydrogen as the lifting gas du jour after the Hindenburg catastrophe induring which an airship burst into flames and crashed to the ground killing some passengers and crew.

But helium is also instrumental in deep-sea diving, where it is blended with nitrogen to mitigate the dangers of inhaling ordinary air under high pressure; as a cleaning agent for rocket engines; and, in its most prevalent use, as a coolant for superconducting magnets in hospital MRI magnetic resonance imaging scanners.

D The possibility of losing helium forever poses the threat of a real crisis because its unique qualities are extraordinarily difficult, if not impossible to duplicate certainly, no biosynthetic ersatz product is close to approaching the point of feasibility for helium, even as similar developments continue apace for oil and coal.

According to Dr. The worsening global shortage could render millions of dollars of high-value, life-saving equipment totally useless. The dwindling supplies have already resulted in the postponement of research and development projects in physics laboratories and manufacturing plants around the world. There is an enormous supply and demand imbalance partly brought about by the expansion of high-tech manufacturing in Asia.

National Helium Reserve to liquidate its helium assets by regardless of the market price. Although intended to settle the original cost of the reserve by a U. Congress ignorant of its ramifications, the result of this fire sale is that global helium prices are so artificially deflated that few can be bothered recycling the substance or using it judiciously. Deflated values also mean that natural gas extractors see no reason to capture helium.

Much is lost in the process of extraction.

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